Data mining is an essential process for many businesses, including McDonald’s and Amazon. It involves analyzing huge chunks of unprocessed information to discover valuable insights. It’s no surprise large organizations rely on data mining, considering it helps them optimize customer service, reduce costs, and streamline their supply chain management.

Although it sounds simple, data mining is comprised of numerous procedures that help professionals extract useful information, one of which is classification. The role of this process is critical, as it allows data specialists to organize information for easier analysis.

This article will explore the importance of classification in greater detail. We’ll explain classification in data mining and the most common techniques.

Classification in Data Mining

Answering your question, “What is classification in data mining?” isn’t easy. To help you gain a better understanding of this term, we’ll cover the definition, purpose, and applications of classification in different industries.

Definition of Classification

Classification is the process of grouping related bits of information in a particular data set. Whether you’re dealing with a small or large set, you can utilize classification to organize the information more easily.

Purpose of Classification in Data Mining

Defining the classification of data mining systems is important, but why exactly do professionals use this method? The reason is simple – classification “declutters” a data set. It makes specific information easier to locate.

In this respect, think of classification as tidying up your bedroom. By organizing your clothes, shoes, electronics, and other items, you don’t have to waste time scouring the entire place to find them. They’re neatly organized and retrievable within seconds.

Applications of Classification in Various Industries

Here are some of the most common applications of data classification to help further demystify this process:

  • Healthcare – Doctors can use data classification for numerous reasons. For example, they can group certain indicators of a disease for improved diagnostics. Likewise, classification comes in handy when grouping patients by age, condition, and other key factors.
  • Finance – Data classification is essential for financial institutions. Banks can group information about consumers to find lenders more easily. Furthermore, data classification is crucial for elevating security.
  • E-commerce – A key feature of online shopping platforms is recommending your next buy. They do so with the help of data classification. A system can analyze your previous decisions and group the related information to enhance recommendations.
  • Weather forecast – Several considerations come into play during a weather forecast, including temperatures and humidity. Specialists can use a data mining platform to classify these considerations.

Techniques for Classification in Data Mining

Even though all data classification has a common goal (making information easily retrievable), there are different ways to accomplish it. In other words, you can incorporate an array of classification techniques in data mining.

Decision Trees

The decision tree method might be the most widely used classification technique. It’s a relatively simple yet effective method.

Overview of Decision Trees

Decision trees are like, well, trees, branching out in different directions. In the case of data mining, these trees have two branches: true and false. This method tells you whether a feature is true or false, allowing you to organize virtually any information.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Advantages:

  • Preparing information in decision trees is simple.
  • No normalization or scaling is involved.
  • It’s easy to explain to non-technical staff.

Disadvantages:

  • Even the tiniest of changes can transform the entire structure.
  • Training decision tree-based models can be time-consuming.
  • It can’t predict continuous values.

Support Vector Machines (SVM)

Another popular classification involves the use of support vector machines.

Overview of SVM

SVMs are algorithms that divide a dataset into two groups. It does so while ensuring there’s maximum distance from the margins of both groups. Once the algorithm categorizes information, it provides a clear boundary between the two groups.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Advantages:

  • It requires minimal space.
  • The process consumes little memory.

Disadvantages:

  • It may not work well in large data sets.
  • If the dataset has more features than training data samples, the algorithm might not be very accurate.

Naïve Bayes Classifier

The Naïve Bayes is also a viable option for classifying information.

Overview of Naïve Bayes Classifier

The Naïve Bayes method is a robust classification solution that makes predictions based on historical information. It tells you the likelihood of an event after analyzing how many times a similar (or the same) event has taken place. The most frequent application of this algorithm is distinguishing non-spam emails from billions of spam messages.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Advantages:

  • It’s a fast, time-saving algorithm.
  • Minimal training data is needed.
  • It’s perfect for problems with multiple classes.

Disadvantages:

  • Smoothing techniques are often required to fix noise.
  • Estimates can be inaccurate.

K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN)

Although algorithms used for classification in data mining are complex, some have a simple premise. KNN is one of those algorithms.

Overview of KNN

Like many other algorithms, KNN starts with training data. From there, it determines the distance between particular objects. Items that are close to each other are considered related, which means that this system uses proximity to classify data.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Advantages:

  • The implementation is simple.
  • You can add new information whenever necessary without affecting the original data.

Disadvantages:

  • The system can be computationally intensive, especially with large data sets.
  • Calculating distances in large data sets is also expensive.

Artificial Neural Networks (ANN)

You might be wondering, “Is there a data classification technique that works like our brain?” Artificial neural networks may be the best example of such methods.

Overview of ANN

ANNs are like your brain. Just like the brain has connected neurons, ANNs have artificial neurons known as nodes that are linked to each other. Classification methods relying on this technique use the nodes to determine the category to which an object belongs.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Advantages:

  • It can be perfect for generalization in natural language processing and image recognition since they can recognize patterns.
  • The system works great for large data sets, as they render large chunks of information rapidly.

Disadvantages:

  • It needs lots of training information and is expensive.
  • The system can potentially identify non-existent patterns, which can make it inaccurate.

Comparison of Classification Techniques

It’s difficult to weigh up data classification techniques because there are significant differences. That’s not to say analyzing these models is like comparing apples to oranges. There are ways to determine which techniques outperform others when classifying particular information:

  • ANNs generally work better than SVMs for making predictions.
  • Decision trees are harder to design than some other, more complex solutions, such as ANNs.
  • KNNs are typically more accurate than Naïve Bayes, which is rife with imprecise estimates.

Systems for Classification in Data Mining

Classifying information manually would be time-consuming. Thankfully, there are robust systems to help automate different classification techniques in data mining.

Overview of Data Mining Systems

Data mining systems are platforms that utilize various methods of classification in data mining to categorize data. These tools are highly convenient, as they speed up the classification process and have a multitude of applications across industries.

Popular Data Mining Systems for Classification

Like any other technology, classification of data mining systems becomes easier if you use top-rated tools:

WEKA

How often do you need to add algorithms from your Java environment to classify a data set? If you do it regularly, you should use a tool specifically designed for this task – WEKA. It’s a collection of algorithms that performs a host of data mining projects. You can apply the algorithms to your own code or directly into the platform.

RapidMiner

If speed is a priority, consider integrating RapidMiner into your environment. It produces highly accurate predictions in double-quick time using deep learning and other advanced techniques in its Java-based architecture.

Orange

Open-source platforms are popular, and it’s easy to see why when you consider Orange. It’s an open-source program with powerful classification and visualization tools.

KNIME

KNIME is another open-source tool you can consider. It can help you classify data by revealing hidden patterns in large amounts of information.

Apache Mahout

Apache Mahout allows you to create algorithms of your own. Each algorithm developed is scalable, enabling you to transfer your classification techniques to higher levels.

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Data Mining System

Choosing a data mining system is like buying a car. You need to ensure the product has particular features to make an informed decision:

  • Data classification techniques
  • Visualization tools
  • Scalability
  • Potential issues
  • Data types

The Future of Classification in Data Mining

No data mining discussion would be complete without looking at future applications.

Emerging Trends in Classification Techniques

Here are the most important data classification facts to keep in mind for the foreseeable future:

  • The amount of data should rise to 175 billion terabytes by 2025.
  • Some governments may lift certain restrictions on data sharing.
  • Data automation is expected to be further automated.

Integration of Classification With Other Data Mining Tasks

Classification is already an essential task. Future platforms may combine it with clustering, regression, sequential patterns, and other techniques to optimize the process. More specifically, experts may use classification to better organize data for subsequent data mining efforts.

The Role of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Classification

Nearly 20% of analysts predict machine learning and artificial intelligence will spearhead the development of classification strategies. Hence, mastering these two technologies may become essential.

Data Knowledge Declassified

Various methods for data classification in data mining, like decision trees and ANNs, are a must-have in today’s tech-driven world. They help healthcare professionals, banks, and other industry experts organize information more easily and make predictions.

To explore this data mining topic in greater detail, consider taking a course at an accredited institution. You’ll learn the ins and outs of data classification as well as expand your career options.

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Il Sole 24 Ore: 100 thousand IT professionals missing
OPIT - Open Institute of Technology
OPIT - Open Institute of Technology
May 14, 2024 6 min read

Written on April 24th 2024

Source here: Il Sole 24 Ore (full article in Italian)


Open Institute of Technology: 100 thousand IT professionals missing

Eurostat data processed and disseminated by OPIT. Stem disciplines: the share of graduates in Italy between the ages of 20 and 29 is 18.3%, compared to the European 21.9%

Today, only 29% of young Italians between 25 and 34 have a degree. Not only that: compared to other European countries, the comparison is unequal given that the average in the Old Continent is 46%, bringing Italy to the penultimate place in this ranking, ahead only of Romania. The gap is evident even if the comparison is limited to STEM disciplines (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) where the share of graduates in Italy between the ages of 20 and 29 is 18.3%, compared to the European 21.9%, with peaks of virtuosity which in the case of France that reaches 29.2%. Added to this is the continuing problem of the mismatch between job supply and demand, so much so that 62.8% of companies struggle to find professionals in the technological and IT fields.

The data

The Eurostat data was processed and disseminated by OPIT – Open Institute of Technology. an academic institution accredited at European level, active in the university level education market with online Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in the technological and digital fields. We are therefore witnessing a phenomenon with worrying implications on the future of the job market in Italy and on the potential loss of competitiveness of our companies at a global level, especially if inserted in a context in which the macroeconomic scenario in the coming years will undergo a profound discontinuity linked to the arrival of “exponential” technologies such as Artificial Intelligence and robotics, but also to the growing threats related to cybersecurity.

Requirements and updates

According to European House Ambrosetti, over 2,000,000 professionals will have to update their skills in the Digital and IT area by 2026, also to take advantage of the current 100,000 vacant IT positions, as estimated by Frank Recruitment Group. But not only that: the Italian context, which is unfavorable for providing the job market with graduates and skills, also has its roots in the chronic birth rate that characterizes our country: according to ISTAT data, in recent years the number of newborns has fallen by 28%, bringing Italy’s birth rate to 1.24, among the lowest in Europe, where the average is 1.46.

Profumo: “Structural deficiency”

“The chronic problem of the absence of IT professionals is structural and of a dual nature: on one hand the number of newborns – therefore, potential “professionals of the future” – is constantly decreasing; on the other hand, the percentage of young people who acquires degrees are firmly among the lowest in Europe”, declared Francesco Profumo, former Minister of Education and rector of OPIT – Open Institute of Technology. “The reasons are varied: from the cost of education (especially if undertaken off-site), to a university offering that is poorly aligned with changes in society, to a lack of awareness and orientation towards STEM subjects, which guarantee the highest employment rates. Change necessarily involves strong investments in the university system (and, in general, in the education system) at the level of the country, starting from the awareness that a functioning education system is the main driver of growth and development in the medium to long term. It is a debated and discussed topic on which, however, a clear and ambitious position is never taken.”

Stagnant context and educational offer

In this stagnant context, the educational offer that comes from online universities increasingly meets the needs of flexibility, quality and cost of recently graduated students, university students looking for specialization and workers interested in updating themselves with innovative skills. According to data from the Ministry of University and Research, enrollments in accredited online universities in Italy have grown by over 141 thousand units in ten years (since 2011), equal to 293.9%. Added to these are the academic institutions accredited at European level, such as OPIT, whose educational offering is overall capable of opening the doors to hundreds of thousands of students, with affordable costs and extremely innovative and updated degree paths.

Analyzing the figures

An analysis of Eurostat statistics relating to the year 2021 highlights that 27% of Europeans aged between 16 and 74 have attended an entirely digital course. The highest share is recorded in Ireland (46%), Finland and Sweden (45%) and the Netherlands (44%). The lowest in Romania (10%), Bulgaria (12%) and Croatia (18%). Italy is at 20%. “With OPIT” – adds Riccardo Ocleppo, founder and director – “we have created a new model of online academic institution, oriented towards new technologies, with innovative programs, a strong practical focus, and an international approach, with professors and students from 38 countries around the world, and teaching in English. We intend to train Italian students not only on current and updated skills, but to prepare them for an increasingly dynamic and global job market. Our young people must be able to face the challenges of the future like those who study at Stanford or Oxford: with solid skills, but also with relational and attitudinal skills that lead them to create global companies and startups or work in multinationals like their international colleagues. The increasing online teaching offer, if well structured and with quality, represents an incredible form of democratization of education, making it accessible at low costs and with methods that adapt to the flexibility needs of many working students.”

Point of reference

With two degrees already starting in September 2023 – a three-year degree (BSc) in Modern Computer Science and a specialization (MSc) in Applied Data Science & AI – and 4 starting in September 2024: a three-year degree (BSc) in Digital Business, and the specializations (MSc) in Enterprise Cybersecurity, Applied Digital Business and Responsible Artificial Intelligence (AI), OPIT is an academic institution of reference for those who intend to respond to the demands of a job market increasingly oriented towards the field of artificial intelligence. Added to this are a high-profile international teaching staff and an exclusively online educational offer focused on the technological and digital fields.

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Times of India: The 600,000 IT job shortage in India and how to solve it
OPIT - Open Institute of Technology
OPIT - Open Institute of Technology
May 2, 2024 3 min read

Written on April 25th 2024

Source here: Times of India 


The job market has never been a straightforward path. Ask anyone who has ever looked for a job, certainly within the last decade, and they can tell you as much. But with the rapid development of AI and machine learning, concerns are growing for people about their career options, with a report from Randstad finding that 7 in 10 people in India are concerned about their job being eliminated by AI.

 Employers have their own share of concerns. According to The World Economic Forum, 97 million new AI-related jobs will be created by 2025 and the share of jobs requiring AI skills will increase by 58%. The IT industry in India is experiencing a tremendous surge in demand for skilled professionals on disruptive technologies like artificial intelligence, machine learning, blockchain, cybersecurity and, according to Nasscom, this is leading to a shortage of 600,000 profiles.

 So how do we fill those gaps? Can we democratize access to top-tier higher education in technology?

These are the questions that Riccardo Ocleppo, the engineer who founded a hugely successful ed-tech platform connecting international students with global Universities, Docsity, asked himself for years. Until he took action and launched the Open Institute of Technology (OPIT), together with the Former Minister of Education of Italy, Prof. Francesco Profumo, to help people take control of their future careers.

OPIT offers BSc and MSc degrees in Computer Science, AI, Data Science, Cybersecurity, and Digital Business, attracting students from over 38 countries worldwide. Through innovative learning experiences and affordable tuition fees starting at €4,050 per year, OPIT empowers students to pursue their educational goals without the financial and personal burden of relocating.

The curriculum, delivered through a mix of live and pre-recorded lectures, equips students with the latest technology skills, as well as business and strategic acumen necessary for careers in their chosen fields. Moreover, OPIT’s EU-accredited degrees enable graduates to pursue employment opportunities in Europe, with recognition by WES facilitating transferability to the US and Canada.

OPIT’s commitment to student success extends beyond academics, with a full-fledged career services department led by Mike McCulloch. Remote students benefit from OPIT’s “digital campus,” fostering connections through vibrant discussion forums, online events, and networking opportunities with leading experts and professors.

Faculty at OPIT, hailing from prestigious institutions and industry giants like Amazon and Microsoft, bring a wealth of academic and practical experience to the table. With a hands-on, practical teaching approach, OPIT prepares students for the dynamic challenges of the modern job market.

In conclusion, OPIT stands as a beacon of hope for individuals seeking to future-proof their careers in technology. By democratizing access to high-quality education and fostering a global learning community, OPIT empowers students to seize control of their futures and thrive in the ever-evolving tech landscape.

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