Do you tend to get all technical about how computers work? Or, do you prefer to put your thinking cap on and dig deep into theory and research?

These questions matter because they can help you choose between BCA and BSc Computer Science. One focuses on practical knowledge, while the other explores the nitty-gritty behind technical concepts.

In this BCA vs. BSc computer science: which is better guide, we’ll provide detailed information about the two courses and help point you in the right direction.

BCA: Bachelor of Computer Applications

To resolve the BSc computer science vs. BCA confusion, we need to discuss both in detail. Let’s start with BCA: Bachelor of Computer Applications.

Overview of the BCA Program


BCA is typically a three-year professional undergraduate course focused on learning computer languages and applications. Since the focus is on applications, the BCA program is a software-oriented course (which is great for those who don’t enjoy learning too much theory).

Course Structure

The course structure depends on your chosen university. In most cases, you’ll have five core subjects per semester. Additionally, you’ll choose electives to learn more about specific computer-related topics.

Eligibility Criteria

Every university is free to set its own criteria for enrolling in a BCA program. Still, there are some tendencies you should know about. Students who studied arts, commerce, or science are most welcome to apply. Some universities may also have specific entrance exams that test subject-related knowledge.

Key Subjects Covered in BCA

As mentioned, the course structure in BCA programs varies (depending on the university). Regardless, every student needs to cover core subjects that will equip them to conquer the industry.

Programming Languages

Programming languages are like human languages. But rather than allowing communication among people, these languages let us “talk to” computers. This subject covers the basics of Java, HTML, C, C++, and others.

Database Management

Think of database management systems as computerized data-keeping solutions. Learning how to work with these systems is essential to ensure proper information storage and retrieval, and this is exactly what students learn on this course.

Web Development

Want to know how to create and maintain websites? This subject offers insight into behind-the-scenes work that goes into developing online stores, social networks, blogs, business websites, and others.


This subject explores the secret language in which computers, systems, and devices communicate with one another. All of which sheds light on how to connect them to share data.

Career Prospects After BCA

A degree in computer application opens doors to various career paths. Here are the job positions you can apply for after completing your studies:

  • Game Designer
  • System Specialist
  • Technical Support
  • Web Designer
  • Network Administrator
  • System Manager
  • Software Tester
  • Programmer

In terms of continuing your education, these options are available:

  • Master in Computer Application
  • Master of Science in Information Technology
  • Master in Business Administration

BSc Computer Science: Bachelor of Science in Computer Science

If you want to know which is better: BCA or BSc Computer Science, you need to learn more about them. Since we’ve covered the BCA program, it’s time to discuss BSc Computer Science.

Overview of the BSc Computer Science Program


Students can choose between two options: regular and fast-track. The former lasts three years, while the latter lasts two.

Course Structure

One of the first things students are interested in is the course structure. In most cases, you’ll have six terms – five terms of courses and one for the final project (dissertation).

That being said, remember that every university sets its own course structure.

Eligibility Criteria

Universities set their eligibility criteria. Therefore, each institution has unique standards students have to meet to enroll. Some universities have strict requirements, the most common being a background in physics, chemistry, or mathematics.

If you don’t meet these criteria, no worries. Online degree programs like the Open Institute of Technology (Opit) have easy-to-meet entry requirements, such as English proficiency (at least a B2 level) and high school education.

Key Subjects Covered in BSc Computer Science

The BSc Computer Science program features several core subjects.

Programming Languages

During this course, students learn how to “speak” programming languages. They’re introduced to fundamental concepts and common logical and/or syntactical problems they need to resolve.

Data Structures and Algorithms

If you want to learn how to organize data or solve a particular problem, you’ll find the answers to these questions and more in this course.

Operating Systems

Every OS is an entity of its own with unique anatomies, functions, and layers.

Computer Networks

A computer network is a cluster of interconnected dots that communicate with each other and transfer data. During this course, you’ll learn how this communication works.

Career Prospects After BSc Computer Science

What can you do after BSc Computer Science? The program allows you to explore a wide array of job positions:

  • Software Developer/Engineer
  • Web Developer
  • Data Scientist
  • Cyber Security Analyst
  • Database Architect
  • IT Business Analyst
  • App/Game Developer
  • Database Architect

BSc Computer Science offers an excellent theoretical foundation. It’s no surprise, therefore, that many students decide to pursue higher education. Here are some of the available options:

  • Master of Science in Computer Science
  • Master in Computer Management
  • Bachelor of Technology in Computer Science

Key Differences Between BCA and BCs Computer Science

Want to know which is better: BSc Computer Science or BCA? To get the answer, you need to learn about the differences between the two degrees.

Course Focus

You wouldn’t be wrong if you said the two programs are similar. But there’s a significant difference between BCA and BSc Computer Science: course focus. BCA is all about application it centers on current technology, computing, and programming trends. The program is ideal for students who are more interested in practical knowledge.

On the other hand, BSc Computer Science is perfect for those who like reading theory, doing research, and learning about different computer-related concepts.


The battle between theoretical and practical knowledge is (of course) reflected in the curriculum. The subjects BCA features develop practical, application-oriented skills, while BSc Computer Science prefers theory.

Eligibility Criteria

While trying not to sound like a broken record, let’s repeat it once again: it depends on the university. As a rule of thumb, BSc Computer Science has stricter criteria.

Career Opportunities

As far as career opportunities are concerned, both programs will set you up for success in the industry. Of course, each program opens doors to different fields. Students who complete the BCA program pursue jobs in IT or software development. Those who complete the BSc Computer Science program usually continue their education or work as researchers.

Which Is Better: BCA or BSc Computer Science?

Given that each program focuses on different aspects, it’s hard to say one stands out as “the best.” Every person is unique, and what suits you may not work for someone else. It all comes down to your future plans and ambitions. Going down the technical-heavy route is great for coding or anything else that calls for theoretical applications, but it won’t help much if you need experience in something practical, like game design. By the same token, you’ll need to draw from a well of technical knowledge when you’re working in data science or IT analysis. The choice comes down to balancing these three factors:

  • Personal interest and aptitude – Do you prefer theory or practice?
  • Career goals – What do you want to do after completing the program?
  • Future education plans – Do you want to continue your education after the program?

Answer these questions to get a better idea of whether you should opt for BCA or BSc Computer Science. Remember, there’s no wrong answer. Picking a course isn’t like playing Russian roulette. It’s more like playing those little arcade machines that guarantee a prize with every turn – there’s no way to lose! Whatever you choose, you can build a fruitful career with computers. The path you decide to take solely depends on whether you prefer theory or practice.

Pros and Cons of Each Course

What are the strengths and weaknesses of each course? Find out here.



  • Offers practical knowledge
  • Follow the latest industry trends
  • Less strict entry requirements
  • Job-oriented


  • Challenging course structure
  • Technology rapidly evolves, so you need to constantly update your skills to stay current

BCs in Computer Science


  • Offers excellent theoretical knowledge
  • Great for those who want to continue their education
  • Ideal for researchers
  • Provides a strong foundation


  • Stricter eligibility criteria
  • Some consider it too theoretical

Tips for Making the Right Choice

These valuable tips can help you choose the right program:

  • Consider your expectations. Think about what you want to get from this course and where you want it to take you career-wise.
  • Study the curriculum. The curriculum is like a program’s CV. If you want to know whether it’s a good fit for you, you need to research it carefully.
  • Talk to someone who completed the program you’re interested in. A person who completed the course can offer valuable intel and help you determine whether you’re on the right track.
  • Consult an academic advisor. An advisor can analyze your preferences and put them into a concrete suggestion on which direction you should take.
  • Think about what you want to do next. Do you want to continue your education or find a job in the industry? The answer can help you make the right decision.

Find Your Passion

The biggest difference between BSc Computer Science and BCA lies in the curriculum. With the former, the subjects focus on obtaining theoretical knowledge to set the ground for further education or research. On the other hand, BCA focuses on practical skills and exploring current trends.

Instead of wondering which is best: BCA or BSc Computer Science, think about your preferences and requirements. Explore your priorities, research both options, talk to professionals, and you’ll recognize the better fit.

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New OPIT Degrees launching (soon)!
Riccardo Ocleppo
Nov 29, 2023 2 min read


Soon, we will be launching four new Degrees for AY24-25 at OPIT – Open Institute of Technology
I want to offer a behind-the-scenes look at the Product Definition process that has shaped these upcoming programs.

🚀 Phase 1: Discovery (Late May – End of July)

Our journey began with intensive brainstorming sessions with OPIT’s Academic Board (Francesco Profumo, Lorenzo Livi, Alexiei Dingli, Andrea Pescino, Rosario Maccarrone) . We also conducted 50+ interviews with tech and digital entrepreneurs (both from startups and established firms), academics and students. Finally, we deep-dived into the “Future of Jobs 2023” report by the World Economic Forum and other valuable research.

🔍 Phase 2: Selection – Crafting Our Roadmap (July – August)

Our focus? Introducing new degrees addressing critical workforce shortages and upskilling/reskilling needs for the next 5-10 years, promising significant societal impact and a broad market reach.
Our decision? To channel our energies on full BScs and MScs, and steer away from shorter courses or corporate-focused offerings. This aligns perfectly with our core mission.

💡 Focus Areas Unveiled!

We’re thrilled to concentrate on pivotal fields like:

  • Cybersecurity
  • Advanced AI
  • Digital Business
  • Metaverse & Gaming
  • Cloud Computing (less “glamorous”, but market demand is undeniable).

🎓 Phase 3: Definition – Shaping the Degrees (August – November)

With an expert in each of the above fields, and with the strong collaboration of our Academic Director, Prof. Lorenzo Livi , we embarked on a rigorous “drill-down process”. Our goal? To meld modern theoretical knowledge with cutting-edge competencies and skills. This phase included interviewing over 60+ top academics, industry professionals, and students and get valuable, program-specific, insights from our Marketing department.

🌟 Phase 4: Accreditation and Launch – The Final Stretch

We’re currently in the accreditation process, gearing up for the launch. The focus is now shifting towards marketing, working closely with Greta Maiocchi and her Marketing and Admissions team. Together, we’re translating our new academic offering into a compelling value proposition for the market.

Stay tuned for more updates!

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Five Reasons to Study Online at OPIT
OPIT - Open Institute of Technology
OPIT - Open Institute of Technology
Nov 29, 2023 9 min read

Far from being a temporary educational measure that came into its own during the pandemic, online education is providing students from all over the world with new ways to learn. That’s proven by statistics from Oxford Learning College, which point out that over 100 million students are now enrolled in some form of online course.

The demand for these types of courses clearly exists.

In fact, the same organization indicates that educational facilities that introduce online learning see a 42% increase in income – on average – suggesting that the demand is there.

Enter the Open Institute of Technology (OPIT).

Delivering three online courses – a Bachelor’s degree in computer science and two Master’s degrees – with more to come, OPIT is positioning itself as a leader in the online education space. But why is that? After all, many institutions are making the jump to e-learning, so what separates OPIT from the pack?

Here, you’ll discover the answers as you delve into the five reasons why you should trust OPIT for your online education.

Reason 1 – A Practical Approach

OPIT focuses on computer science education – a field in which theory often dominates the educational landscape. The organization’s Rector, Professor Francesco Profumo, makes this clear in a press release from June 2023. He points to a misalignment between what educators are teaching computer science students and what the labor market actually needs from those students as a key problem.

“The starting point is the awareness of the misalignment,” he says when talking about how OPIT structures its online courses. “That so-called mismatch is generated by too much theory and too little practical approach.” In other words, students in many classes spend far too much time learning the “hows” and “whys” behind computerized systems without actually getting their hands dirty with real work that gives them practical experience in using those systems.

OPIT takes a different approach.

It has developed a didactic approach that focuses far more on the practical element than other courses. That approach is delivered through a combination of classroom sessions – such as live lessons and masterclasses – and practical work offered through quizzes and exercises that mimic real-world situations.

An OPIT student doesn’t simply learn how computers work. They put their skills into practice through direct programming and application, equipping them with skills that are extremely attractive to major employers in the tech field and beyond.

Reason 2 – Flexibility Combined With Support

Flexibility in how you study is one of the main benefits of any online course.

You control when you learn and how you do it, creating an environment that’s beneficial to your education rather than being forced into a classroom setting with which you may not feel comfortable. This is hardly new ground. Any online educational platform can claim that it offers “flexibility” simply because it provides courses via the web.

Where OPIT differs is that it combines that flexibility with unparalleled support bolstered by the experiences of teachers employed from all over the world. The founder and director of OPIT, Riccardo Ocleppo, sheds more light on this difference in approach when he says, “We believe that education, even if it takes place physically at a distance, must guarantee closeness on all other aspects.” That closeness starts with the support offered to students throughout their entire study period.

Tutors are accessible to students at all times. Plus, every participant benefits from weekly professor interactions, ensuring they aren’t left feeling stuck on an educational “island” and have to rely solely on themselves for their education. OPIT further counters the potential isolation that comes with online learning with a Student Support team to guide students through any difficulties they may have with their courses.

In this focus on support, OPIT showcases one of its main differences from other online platforms.

You don’t simply receive course material before being told to “get on with it.” You have the flexibility to learn at your own pace while also having a support structure that serves as a foundation for that learning.

Reason 3 – OPIT Can Adapt to Change Quickly

The field of computer science is constantly evolving.

In the 2020s alone, we’ve seen the rise of generative AI – spurred on by the explosive success of services like ChatGPT – and how those new technologies have changed the way that people use computers.

Riccardo Ocleppo has seen the impact that these constant evolutions have had on students. Before founding OPIT, he was an entrepreneur who received first-hand experience of the fact that many traditional educational institutions struggle to adapt to change.

“Traditional educational institutions are very slow to adapt to this wave of new technologies and trends within the educational sector,” he says. He points to computer science as a particular issue, highlighting the example of a board in Italy of which he is a member. That board – packed with some of the country’s most prestigious tech universities – spent three years eventually deciding to add just two modules on new and emerging technologies to their study programs.

That left Ocleppo feeling frustrated.

When he founded OPIT, he did so intending to make it an adaptable institution in which courses were informed by what the industry needs. Every member of its faculty is not only a superb teacher but also somebody with experience working in industry. Speaking of industry, OPIT collaborates with major companies in the tech field to ensure its courses deliver the skills that those organizations expect from new candidates.

This confronts frustration on both sides. For companies, an OPIT graduate is one for which they don’t need to bridge a “skill gap” between what they’ve learned and what the company needs. For you, as a student, it means that you’re developing skills that make you a more desirable prospect once you have your degree.

Reason 4 – OPIT Delivers Tier One Education

Despite their popularity, online courses can still carry a stigma of not being “legitimate” in the face of more traditional degrees. Ocleppo is acutely aware of this fact, which is why he’s quick to point out that OPIT always aims to deliver a Tier One education in the computer science field.

“That means putting together the best professors who create superb learning material, all brought together with a teaching methodology that leverages the advancements made in online teaching,” he says.

OPIT’s degrees are all accredited by the European Union to support this approach, ensuring they carry as much weight as any other European degree. It’s accredited by both the European Qualification Framework (EQF) and the Malta Qualification Framework (MQF), with all of its courses having full legal value throughout Europe.

It’s also here where we see OPIT’s approach to practicality come into play via its course structuring.

Take its Bachelor’s degree in computer science as an example.

Yes, that course starts with a focus on theoretical and foundational knowledge. Building a computer and understanding how the device processes instructions is vital information from a programming perspective. But once those foundations are in place, OPIT delivers on its promises of covering the most current topics in the field.

Machine learning, cloud computing, data science, artificial intelligence, and cybersecurity – all valuable to employers – are taught at the undergraduate level. Students benefit from a broader approach to computer science than most institutions are capable of, rather than bogging them down in theory that serves little practical purpose.

Reason 5 – The Learning Experience

Let’s wrap up by honing in on what it’s actually like for students to learn with OPIT.

After all, as Ocleppo points out, one of the main challenges with online education is that students rarely have defined checkpoints to follow. They can start feeling lost in the process, confronted with a metaphorical ocean of information they need to learn, all in service of one big exam at the end.

Alternatively, some students may feel the temptation to not work through the materials thoroughly, focusing instead on passing a final exam. The result is that those students may pass, but they do so without a full grasp of what they’ve learned – a nightmare for employers who already have skill gaps to handle.

OPIT confronts both challenges by focusing on a continuous learning methodology. Assessments – primarily practical – take place throughout the course, serving as much-needed checkpoints for evaluating progress. When combined with the previously mentioned support that OPIT offers, this approach has led to courses that are created from scratch in service of the student’s actual needs.

Choose OPIT for Your Computer Science Education

At OPIT, the focus lies as much on helping students to achieve their dream careers as it does on teaching them. All courses are built collaboratively. With a dedicated faculty combined with major industry players, such as Google and Microsoft, it delivers materials that bridge the skill gap seen in the computer science field today.

There’s also more to come.

Beyond the three degrees OPIT offers, the institution plans to add more. Game development, data science, and cloud computing, to name a few, will receive dedicated degrees in the coming months, accentuating OPIT’s dedication to adapting to the continuous evolution of the computer science industry. Discover OPIT today – your journey into computing starts with the best online education institution available.

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