Cloud computing has quickly become one of the fastest-growing industries. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that the demand for roles in the industry will grow much faster than the average for all occupations. This means that students today will likely be able to find a career in cloud computing much faster than usual. To further illustrate the point, Indeed currently lists more than 8,000 job openings for cloud computing roles.

Despite that, many companies are seeking only top talent, which quickly reduces the available options and drives up demands (as well as salaries). If you want to get a lucrative job in the industry, you must have the appropriate skillset to match.

However, a general background in IT may no longer be enough. A dedicated cloud computing bachelor degree will provide you with the exact abilities you need to excel in these roles and will allow you to upskill to senior positions quickly.

Why Choose a Bachelor in Cloud Computing?

One of the most common misconceptions about programming jobs—and, by extension, cloud computing—is that you don’t need a degree to land a job.

While you can technically get a job in IT without a degree and go from there, the path to success through independent learning is often rocky. You may need to spend multiple years honing your skills through non-accredited courses and self-learning videos. Even if you do manage to get a role close to cloud computing, you may have a more difficult time acclimating to specific job requirements, and your progression may be limited without a degree.

On the other hand, a bachelor’s degree in IT or computer science provides an excellent foundational background. While you might not use all the theoretical knowledge you learn, finishing a bachelor’s degree gives you a broad range of expertise you can leverage to zero in on a desired career path. Specifically, for a bachelor in cloud computing, the focus is on learning different programming languages and coding practices to allow you to adapt to any platform you may need to use during your future job.

Furthermore, completing a bachelor’s shows that you have persistence and can apply theory to practice in exams and project work as part of your degree.

Additionally, many institutions that offer a bachelor’s degree in cloud computing also have close connections with nearby companies that require these positions to grow. They can provide internships to promising students even before they finish their studies and keep them on as permanent team members afterward.

Understanding the Curriculum of a Cloud Computing Bachelor Degree

Cloud computing is an extensive term that encompasses pretty much every application that accesses remote servers over the internet. As a result, there have been many implementations of the concept, and several programming languages were developed to leverage it.

A Bachelor of Science cloud computing degree (or computer science in general) will often have multiple courses dedicated to learning programming languages at the start. Later, the curriculum moves to dedicated courses that translate those basics into tangible skills and projects.

In general, here’s what you will need to learn:

  • Algebra and advanced mathematics
  • Technical English
  • Computer architecture (hardware)
  • Programming principles
  • Programming languages (C, C++, C#, Java, Node.js and Javascript, Python, Ruby, Golang, etc.)
  • Algorithms and data management
  • Database concepts and management
  • Networking concepts
  • Application development
  • Web development

Additionally, you will likely have courses on machine learning and AI, given how the industry has bloomed around them in the past few years.

Generally, the curriculum for any given bachelor in cloud computing will include theoretical classes first. Later sections or courses will focus more on implementing these concepts in practice.

Alternatively, you can also have courses that more heavily focus on application, such as a bachelor’s degree from OPIT. It covers the theoretical parts as necessary to apply them while students follow practice work and develop projects.

The Best Offline and Online Bachelors in Cloud Computing

Here are some of the best courses and universities you can attend to get a cloud computing bachelor degree.

1. OPIT – Bachelor’s Degree (BSc) in Modern Computer Science

OPIT is one of the leading European higher education institutions that solely focuses on online learning. Due to a more modern design compared to a traditional university, OPIT fully utilizes the benefits of online learning to support students through an array of both theoretical and practical courses.

The bachelor’s degree lasts for six terms and teaches all aspects of computer science, but students can pick elective courses that zero in on cloud computing in later terms. These include cloud architecture, data stacks, cybersecurity in the cloud, and digitalization protocols for converting traditional applications to the cloud. The bachelor’s courses also include an introduction to business management, allowing students to delve into entrepreneurship and become future leaders.

2. Purdue University Global – Bachelor of Science in Cloud Computing and Solutions

Purdue is a U.S.-based university that provides an online four-year bachelor’s degree course. As a degree fully focused on cloud computing, it foregoes most of the basics of computer science. Students learn by following online lessons and applying the theory to practical projects and lab work. Additionally, the program includes project management practices that help students migrate into senior roles.

3. WGU – Cloud Computing Bachelor’s Program

WGU makes its offer extremely lucrative by focusing on some of the most popular cloud computing platforms: Amazon, Azure, and AWS. The program is designed to be completed within three years, with online learning allowing students to accelerate their progress as much as they want. Furthermore, the degree contains over 16 different certificates as part of its curriculum, allowing students to fill in their resumes even before they finish the degree.

4. University of Liverpool – Computer Science With Software Development With a Year in Industry – Offline Degree

The University of Liverpool is one of the top British universities, ranked around 150th in the world. Its computer science degree focuses on teaching theoretical knowledge in the first year, applying that to lab work in the second, and developing projects in the fourth. The third year is dedicated to working in a software development company that works closely with the university. This presents a unique opportunity for students to apply what they learn and develop their skills in real-life scenarios.

5. Morgan State University – Bachelor of Science in Cloud Computing

MSU is a U.S.-based university in Maryland, but it offers a bachelor’s degree in cloud computing as a fully online course. The program is designed for people who are already in the workforce and need a degree to upskill and progress through their careers. It focuses on modern aspects of cloud-based engineering and architecture. The degree lasts three years but contains slightly more general-purpose classes than dedicated courses.

The Online Advantage: Earning Your Bachelor Degree in Cloud Computing Remotely

The advent of online learning has broken traditional barriers to achieving higher education. Since you no longer have to relocate, the price of studying for a bachelor’s goes down dramatically. Furthermore, online classes typically have portions of the coursework as pre-recorded asynchronous lessons. This can be a great option for people with full-time jobs who can’t attend live lessons frequently.

OPIT provides a thorough support system for online students, with regular assessment sessions and thorough career and study advisory.

Career Outcomes With a Bachelor of Science in Cloud Computing

Cloud computing is one of the fastest-growing industries in the world. Most experts in cloud computing have developer or management positions that design and implement applications. Some of the most common positions in the industry include:

  • Cloud architect
  • Cloud network engineer
  • DevOps engineer
  • Cloud database administrator

Regardless of the role, cloud computing is a lucrative career and attracts a high salary.

Industry Certifications and Your Bachelor in Cloud Computing

Certifications are perhaps even more important than just having a bachelor’s degree. They are structured tests that showcase that you have the knowledge and practical aptitude for a platform or programming language. Many bachelor’s degrees in cloud computing, including OPIT, will directly provide students with the knowledge necessary to obtain these certifications, and some have the certifications built into the program.

Financial Investment and ROI of a Bachelor Degree in Cloud Computing

Apart from being an exciting career opportunity in terms of growth, the salaries of cloud engineers are also lucrative. A cloud engineer in Germany typically earns around €65k per year. However, salaries in the U.S. can frequently reach six figures.

So, don’t be put off by the high admission fees for cloud computing bachelor’s degrees. Consider it an investment into a comfortable future. OPIT’s bachelor’s degrees ensure access to higher education by keeping admissions low and providing scholarships.

Start Your Career in Cloud Computing With a Bachelor’s From OPIT

By getting a modern degree in cloud computing, you can get skills that will be relevant in the coming decades as the world increasingly turns to web-based applications. OPIT’s bachelor’s degree in modern computer science will provide you with the breadth of knowledge necessary to progress to leadership positions and ensure an excellent career. Go to OPIT’s course page to find out more and enroll today.

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Cyber Threat Landscape 2024: Human-Centric Cyber Threats
OPIT - Open Institute of Technology
OPIT - Open Institute of Technology
Apr 17, 2024 9 min read

Human-centric cyber threats have long posed a serious issue for organizations. After all, humans are often the weakest link in the cybersecurity chain. Unfortunately, when artificial intelligence came into the mix, it only made these threats even more dangerous.

So, what can be done about these cyber threats now?

That’s precisely what we asked Tom Vazdar, the chair of the Enterprise Cybersecurity Master’s program at the Open Institute of Technology (OPIT), and Venicia Solomons, aka the “Cyber Queen.”

They dedicated a significant portion of their “Cyber Threat Landscape 2024: Navigating New Risks” master class to AI-powered human-centric cyber threats. So, let’s see what these two experts have to say on the topic.

Human-Centric Cyber Threats 101

Before exploring how AI impacted human-centric cyber threats, let’s go back to the basics. What are human-centric cyber threats?

As you might conclude from the name, human-centric cyber threats are cybersecurity risks that exploit human behavior or vulnerabilities (e.g., fear). Even if you haven’t heard of the term “human-centric cyber threats,” you’ve probably heard of (or even experienced) the threats themselves.

The most common of these threats are phishing attacks, which rely on deceptive emails to trick users into revealing confidential information (or clicking on malicious links). The result? Stolen credentials, ransomware infections, and general IT chaos.

How Has AI Impacted Human-Centric Cyber Threats?

AI has infiltrated virtually every cybersecurity sector. Social engineering is no different.

As mentioned, AI has made human-centric cyber threats substantially more dangerous. How? By making them difficult to spot.

In Venicia’s words, AI has allowed “a more personalized and convincing social engineering attack.”

In terms of email phishing, malicious actors use AI to write “beautifully crafted emails,” as Tom puts it. These emails contain no grammatical errors and can mimic the sender’s writing style, making them appear more legitimate and harder to identify as fraudulent.

These highly targeted AI-powered phishing emails are no longer considered “regular” phishing attacks but spear phishing emails, which are significantly more likely to fool their targets.

Unfortunately, it doesn’t stop there.

As AI technology advances, its capabilities go far beyond crafting a simple email. Venicia warns that AI-powered voice technology can even create convincing voice messages or phone calls that sound exactly like a trusted individual, such as a colleague, supervisor, or even the CEO of the company. Obey the instructions from these phone calls, and you’ll likely put your organization in harm’s way.

How to Counter AI-Powered Human-Centric Cyber Threats

Given how advanced human-centric cyber threats have gotten, one logical question arises – how can organizations counter them? Luckily, there are several ways to do this. Some rely on technology to detect and mitigate threats. However, most of them strive to correct what caused the issue in the first place – human behavior.

Enhancing Email Security Measures

The first step in countering the most common human-centric cyber threats is a given for everyone, from individuals to organizations. You must enhance your email security measures.

Tom provides a brief overview of how you can do this.

No. 1 – you need a reliable filtering solution. For Gmail users, there’s already one such solution in place.

No. 2 – organizations should take full advantage of phishing filters. Before, only spam filters existed, so this is a major upgrade in email security.

And No. 3 – you should consider implementing DMARC (Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting, and Conformance) to prevent email spoofing and phishing attacks.

Keeping Up With System Updates

Another “technical” move you can make to counter AI-powered human-centric cyber threats is to ensure all your systems are regularly updated. Fail to keep up with software updates and patches, and you’re looking at a strong possibility of facing zero-day attacks. Zero-day attacks are particularly dangerous because they exploit vulnerabilities that are unknown to the software vendor, making them difficult to defend against.

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Nurturing a Culture of Skepticism

The key component of the human-centric cyber threats is, in fact, humans. That’s why they should also be the key component in countering these threats.

At an organizational level, numerous steps are needed to minimize the risks of employees falling for these threats. But it all starts with what Tom refers to as a “culture of skepticism.”

Employees should constantly be suspicious of any unsolicited emails, messages, or requests for sensitive information.

They should always ask themselves – who is sending this, and why are they doing so?

This is especially important if the correspondence comes from a seemingly trusted source. As Tom puts it, “Don’t click immediately on a link that somebody sent you because you are familiar with the name.” He labels this as the “Rule No. 1” of cybersecurity awareness.

Growing the Cybersecurity Culture

The ultra-specific culture of skepticism will help create a more security-conscious workforce. But it’s far from enough to make a fundamental change in how employees perceive (and respond to) threats. For that, you need a strong cybersecurity culture.

Tom links this culture to the corporate culture. The organization’s mission, vision, statement of purpose, and values that shape the corporate culture should also be applicable to cybersecurity. Of course, this isn’t something companies can do overnight. They must grow and nurture this culture if they are to see any meaningful results.

According to Tom, it will probably take at least 18 months before these results start to show.

During this time, organizations must work on strengthening the relationships between every department, focusing on the human resources and security sectors. These two sectors should be the ones to primarily grow the cybersecurity culture within the company, as they’re well versed in the two pillars of this culture – human behavior and cybersecurity.

However, this strong interdepartmental relationship is important for another reason.

As Tom puts it, “[As humans], we cannot do anything by ourselves. But as a collective, with the help within the organization, we can.”

Staying Educated

The world of AI and cybersecurity have one thing in common – they never sleep. The only way to keep up with these ever-evolving worlds is to stay educated.

The best practice would be to gain a solid base by completing a comprehensive program, such as OPIT’s Enterprise Cybersecurity Master’s program. Then, it’s all about continuously learning about new developments, trends, and threats in AI and cybersecurity.

Conducting Regular Training

For most people, it’s not enough to just explain how human-centric cyber threats work. They must see them in action. Especially since many people believe that phishing attacks won’t happen to them or, if they do, they simply won’t fall for them. Unfortunately, neither of these are true.

Approximately 3.4 billion phishing emails are sent each day, and millions of them successfully bypass all email authentication methods. With such high figures, developing critical thinking among the employees is the No. 1 priority. After all, humans are the first line of defense against cyber threats.

But humans must be properly trained to counter these cyber threats. This training includes the organization’s security department sending fake phishing emails to employees to test their vigilance. Venicia calls employees who fall for these emails “clickers” and adds that no one wants to be a clicker. So, they do everything in their power to avoid falling for similar attacks in the future.

However, the key to successful employee training in this area also involves avoiding sending similar fake emails. If the company keeps trying to trick the employees in the same way, they’ll likely become desensitized and less likely to take real threats seriously.

So, Tom proposes including gamification in the training. This way, the training can be more engaging and interactive, encouraging employees to actively participate and learn. Interestingly, AI can be a powerful ally here, helping create realistic scenarios and personalized learning experiences based on employee responses.

Following in the Competitors’ Footsteps

When it comes to cybersecurity, it’s crucial to be proactive rather than reactive. Even if an organization hasn’t had issues with cyberattacks, it doesn’t mean it will stay this way. So, the best course of action is to monitor what competitors are doing in this field.

However, organizations shouldn’t stop with their competitors. They should also study other real-world social engineering incidents that might give them valuable insights into the tactics used by the malicious actors.

Tom advises visiting the many open-source databases reporting on these incidents and using the data to build an internal educational program. This gives organizations a chance to learn from other people’s mistakes and potentially prevent those mistakes from happening within their ecosystem.

Stay Vigilant

It’s perfectly natural for humans to feel curiosity when it comes to new information, anxiety regarding urgent-looking emails, and trust when seeing a familiar name pop up on the screen. But in the world of cybersecurity, these basic human emotions can cause a lot of trouble. That is, at least, when humans act on them.

So, organizations must work on correcting human behaviors, not suppressing basic human emotions. By doing so, they can help employees develop a more critical mindset when interacting with digital communications. The result? A cyber-aware workforce that’s well-equipped to recognize and respond to phishing attacks and other cyber threats appropriately.

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Cyber Threat Landscape 2024: The AI Revolution in Cybersecurity
OPIT - Open Institute of Technology
OPIT - Open Institute of Technology
Apr 17, 2024 9 min read

There’s no doubt about it – artificial intelligence has revolutionized almost every aspect of modern life. Healthcare, finance, and manufacturing are just some of the sectors that have been virtually turned upside down by this powerful new force. Cybersecurity also ranks high on this list.

But as much as AI can benefit cybersecurity, it also presents new challenges. Or – to be more direct –new threats.

To understand just how serious these threats are, we’ve enlisted the help of two prominent figures in the cybersecurity world – Tom Vazdar and Venicia Solomons. Tom is the chair of the Master’s Degree in Enterprise Cybersecurity program at the Open Institute of Technology (OPIT). Venicia, better known as the “Cyber Queen,” runs a widely successful cybersecurity community looking to empower women to succeed in the industry.

Together, they held a master class titled “Cyber Threat Landscape 2024: Navigating New Risks.” In this article, you get the chance to hear all about the double-edged sword that is AI in cybersecurity.

How Can Organizations Benefit From Using AI in Cybersecurity?

As with any new invention, AI has primarily been developed to benefit people. In the case of AI, this mainly refers to enhancing efficiency, accuracy, and automation in tasks that would be challenging or impossible for people to perform alone.

However, as AI technology evolves, its potential for both positive and negative impacts becomes more apparent.

But just because the ugly side of AI has started to rear its head more dramatically, it doesn’t mean we should abandon the technology altogether. The key, according to Venicia, is in finding a balance. And according to Tom, this balance lies in treating AI the same way you would cybersecurity in general.

Keep reading to learn what this means.

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Implement a Governance Framework

In cybersecurity, there is a governance framework called ISO/IEC 27000, whose goal is to provide a systematic approach to managing sensitive company information, ensuring it remains secure. A similar framework has recently been created for AI— ISO/IEC 42001.

Now, the trouble lies in the fact that many organizations “don’t even have cybersecurity, not to speak artificial intelligence,” as Tom puts it. But the truth is that they need both if they want to have a chance at managing the risks and complexities associated with AI technology, thus only reaping its benefits.

Implement an Oversight Mechanism

Fearing the risks of AI in cybersecurity, many organizations chose to forbid the usage of this technology outright within their operations. But by doing so, they also miss out on the significant benefits AI can offer in enhancing cybersecurity defenses.

So, an all-out ban on AI isn’t a solution. A well-thought-out oversight mechanism is.

According to Tom, this control framework should dictate how and when an organization uses cybersecurity and AI and when these two fields are to come in contact. It should also answer the questions of how an organization governs AI and ensures transparency.

With both of these frameworks (governance and oversight), it’s not enough to simply implement new mechanisms. Employees should also be educated and regularly trained to uphold the principles outlined in these frameworks.

Control the AI (Not the Other Way Around!)

When it comes to relying on AI, one principle should be every organization’s guiding light. Control the AI; don’t let the AI control you.

Of course, this includes controlling how the company’s employees use AI when interacting with client data, business secrets, and other sensitive information.

Now, the thing is – people don’t like to be controlled.

But without control, things can go off the rails pretty quickly.

Tom gives just one example of this. In 2022, an improperly trained (and controlled) chatbot gave an Air Canada customer inaccurate information and a non-existing discount. As a result, the customer bought a full-price ticket. A lawsuit ensued, and in 2024, the court ruled in the customer’s favor, ordering Air Canada to pay compensation.

This case alone illustrates one thing perfectly – you must have your AI systems under control. Tom hypothesizes that the system was probably affordable and easy to implement, but it eventually cost Air Canada dearly in terms of financial and reputational damage.

How Can Organizations Protect Themselves Against AI-Driven Cyberthreats?

With well-thought-out measures in place, organizations can reap the full benefits of AI in cybersecurity without worrying about the threats. But this doesn’t make the threats disappear. Even worse, these threats are only going to get better at outsmarting the organization’s defenses.

So, what can the organizations do about these threats?

Here’s what Tom and Venicia suggest.

Fight Fire With Fire

So, AI is potentially attacking your organization’s security systems? If so, use AI to defend them. Implement your own AI-enhanced threat detection systems.

But beware – this isn’t a one-and-done solution. Tom emphasizes the importance of staying current with the latest cybersecurity threats. More importantly – make sure your systems are up to date with them.

Also, never rely on a single control system. According to our experts, “layered security measures” are the way to go.

Never Stop Learning (and Training)

When it comes to AI in cybersecurity, continuous learning and training are of utmost importance – learning for your employees and training for the AI models. It’s the only way to ensure all system aspects function properly and your employees know how to use each and every one of them.

This approach should also alleviate one of the biggest concerns regarding an increasing AI implementation. Namely, employees fear that they will lose their jobs due to AI. But the truth is, the AI systems need them just as much as they need those systems.

As Tom puts it, “You need to train the AI system so it can protect you.”

That’s why studying to be a cybersecurity professional is a smart career move.

However, you’ll want to find a program that understands the importance of AI in cybersecurity and equips you to handle it properly. Get a master’s degree in Enterprise Security from OPIT, and that’s exactly what you’ll get.

Join the Bigger Fight

When it comes to cybersecurity, transparency is key. If organizations fail to report cybersecurity incidents promptly and accurately, they not only jeopardize their own security but also that of other organizations and individuals. Transparency builds trust and allows for collaboration in addressing cybersecurity threats collectively.

So, our experts urge you to engage in information sharing and collaborative efforts with other organizations, industry groups, and governmental bodies to stay ahead of threats.

How Has AI Impacted Data Protection and Privacy?

Among the challenges presented by AI, one stands out the most – the potential impact on data privacy and protection. Why? Because there’s a growing fear that personal data might be used to train large AI models.

That’s why European policymakers sprang into action and introduced the Artificial Intelligence Act in March 2024.

This regulation, implemented by the European Parliament, aims to protect fundamental rights, democracy, the rule of law, and environmental sustainability from high-risk AI. The act is akin to the well-known General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) passed in 2016 but exclusively targets the use of AI. The good news for those fearful of AI’s potential negative impact is that every requirement imposed by this act is backed up with heavy penalties.

But how can organizations ensure customers, clients, and partners that their data is fully protected?

According to our experts, the answer is simple – transparency, transparency, and some more transparency!

Any employed AI system must be designed in a way that doesn’t jeopardize anyone’s privacy and freedom. However, it’s not enough to just design the system in such a way. You must also ensure all the stakeholders understand this design and the system’s operation. This includes providing clear information about the data being collected, how it’s being used, and the measures in place to protect it.

Beyond their immediate group of stakeholders, organizations also must ensure that their data isn’t manipulated or used against people. Tom gives an example of what must be avoided at all costs. Let’s say a client applies for a loan in a financial institution. Under no circumstances should that institution use AI to track the client’s personal data and use it against them, resulting in a loan ban. This hypothetical scenario is a clear violation of privacy and trust.

And according to Tom, “privacy is more important than ever.” The same goes for internal ethical standards organizations must develop.

Keeping Up With Cybersecurity

Like most revolutions, AI has come in fast and left many people (and organizations) scrambling to keep up. However, those who recognize that AI isn’t going anywhere have taken steps to embrace it and fully benefit from it. They see AI for what it truly is – a fundamental shift in how we approach technology and cybersecurity.

Those individuals have also chosen to advance their knowledge in the field by completing highly specialized and comprehensive programs like OPIT’s Enterprise Cybersecurity Master’s program. Coincidentally, this is also the program where you get to hear more valuable insights from Tom Vazdar, as he has essentially developed this course.

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